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Advair.gif (3290 bytes) CHACMA BABOON
ORDER FAMILY Scientific name
Primates Cercopithecidae Papio ursinus
(Kerr,1792)
HABITAT Savanna woodland and mountains. Baboons are very seldom seen in open grasslands.
HABITS Baboons leave in troops of up to 40 or 50 individuals, congregating at nigh in a chosen tree or cliff, where they sleep, and from which they descend in the morning to look for food. They never travel too far from their sleeping spots, not more than 1 or 2 kilometers, but they normally have more than one of these sleeping-sites, within their territory, that they use on a rotation basis.
Spending most of the daylight hours on the ground, Baboons  are very exposed to predators, Leopard in particular. They have a very good hearing and eyesight.
Baboons are always on the alert, very often associating with other animals, like Impala. If a predator approaches, the males give the alarm bark, and all the troop will go up the tree or trees; if no trees available, the vulnerable members of the troop will congregate in the center of the group, with the males on the outside.
Adult males can weigh up to 35Kg and their life span is about 18 years.
DIET Baboons are omnivorous, feeding on fruit, roots, leaves, grass, flowers, insects, lizards, birds and their eggs. They might even kill the new borns of some antelope and even Leopard cubs.
BREEDING Females give birth to a single young after a gestation period of about 6 months, not mating again for the following 18 months.

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Last revised: March 22, 2005.